The second piece of evidence showing Santa as a co-conspirator with the Devil comes from the line “He was chubby and plump, a right jolly old elf”, another characteristic primarily being understood from Clement Moore’s Twas the Night Before Christmas poem.
Obviously we have no problem with Santa being “chubby and plump”, but regarding the ELF, The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology & Folklore states:
“This name for the people of the otherworld came into Britain from Scandinavia with Viking raiders and immigrants; it soon became naturalized and is found as often as such words as fairy and brownie.1 …folklore sometimes fails to distinguish fairies from the dead… The word first became fays, and fay-erie meant being under the power of the fays. It is a slippery term used by various writers to refer to different beings of the otherworld: diminshed goddesses, elves, even ghosts.“2
An early 1691 manuscript refers to the elf or fairy as “subterranean (and for the most part,) invisible people…“3 and “…are said to be of a middle nature betwixt man and angel, as were the daemons thought to be of old; of intelligent studious spirits, and light changeable bodies, (like those called astral) somewhat of a condensed cloud, and best seen in twilight.“4
Webster’s 1830 Dictionary says of the elf: “1. A wandering spirit; a fairy; a hobgoblin. 2. An evil spirit; a devil. …“5
Lore associating Santa Claus with such creatures as the elf, fairy or brownie is not limited to Moore’s poem, however. In Swedish and Norwegian legend Santa is linked with the “tomte” and “nisse” (or tomtenisse). Short, gnome-like creatures with white beards and red hats.
“It is difficult to say how far the other supernatural beings – their name is legion – who in Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Iceland are believed to come out of their underground hiding-places during the long dark Christmas nights, were originally ghosts of the dead. …the Scandinavian Yule, Tomte Gubbe, a sort of genius of the house corresponding very much to the ‘druging gobling’…for whom the cream-bowl must be duly set. … At all events on Christmas Eve Yule porridge and new milk are set out for him, sometimes even tobacco.“6
Elven, fairy and gnome lore is extensive, yet one need not look far to discover it’s centuries-old ties with the spirit world. Supposed “ghosts of the dead” which the scriptures are quick to define as the unclean spirits of devils (see Mt. 10:1, Mk. 2:27, 3:11, 5:13, 6:7, Lk. 4:36, 6:18, Acts 5:16, 8:7, etc). Over time, the evolution of the Santa Legend has also linked Santa Claus to these spirits. Today he’s the “jolly old elf” with helper elves which do his bidding.
And finally, the last piece of evidence is something you’ve been reading all along. You’ve read it over and over again in this series, but maybe did not realize that you were making the connection. How many times thus far have you read the name “Satan” and instead said “Santa” or vice versa? I’ve no doubt you’ve probably done it once or twice. But what kind of a name is “Santa” anyway? Actually, it’s not a name. It’s a title. It’s the feminine Spanish designation for “Saint” (Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Santa Fe, etc.). The masculine designation is “San” (San Francisco, San Diego, San Jose, etc.). So why does Santa Claus have a female designation? Who knows? But consider the fact that since Santa is a man, and not a woman as his title suggests, perhaps the meaning of “Santa” is not what’s important? Perhaps what’s important are the letters in his name? After all, he is Old Nick.
Is Santa Claus guilty of being yoked together with the Devil in order to perpetrate a lie? He is according to the three pieces of evidence we’ve covered in Parts 5 and 6.
1.) Both Santa and the Devil share the name “Nick”. A name that means to slay or to conquer.
2.) Both Santa and the Devil have connections with elves. Creatures which history has associated with invisible evil spirits.
3.) Both Santa and the Devil share identical letters in their names (one S, T and N, and two As).
The easy way out is to simply chalk it all up to coincidence.
To be continued in THE TRIAL OF SANTA CLAUS: PART 7…
 Monaghan, Patricia. The Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology & Folklore. New York, New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2004. page 151.
 Ibid., page 167
 Kirk, Robert. The Secret Commonwealth of Elves, Fauns & Faries: A Study in Folklore & Psychical Research. The text by Robert Kirk, M.A., Minister of Aberfoyle, A.D. 1691. The Comment by Andrew LAng, M.A., A.D. 1893. London: David Nutt, In the Strand., 1893. pages 1.
 Ibid., page 5.
 Webster, Noah. American Dictionary of the English Language: Third Edition. New York: S. Converse, 1830. page 290.
 Miles, Clement A. Christmas in Ritual and Tradition, Christian and Pagan. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1912. Pages 219, 236.
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